Ingredients, where they come from, what they do

There was a toothpaste company that listed each ingredient in their toothpaste, its origin, and what its effect is. See this photo and reddit post.

I think it would be really cool if Soylent did the same for their ingredients. I know they already list some ingredients in the release notes, but it would be really interesting if they did the same for every ingredient in a similar way to the toothpaste.

Here is a list from the nutrition facts:
Water, Maltodextrin, Soy Protein Isolate, High Oleic Algal Oil, Isomaltulose, Canola Oil, Rice Starch, Oat Fiber, Isomaltooligosaccharide, Soy Lecithin, Potassium Chloride, Calcium Phosphate, Magnesium Phosphate, Natural & Artificial Flavors, Dipotassium Phosphate, Salt, Choline Chloride, Gellan Gum, Sodium Ascorbate, dl-alpha-Tocopheryl Acetate, Ferrous Gluconate, Vitamin A Palmitate, Zinc Sulfate, Niacinamide, Sucralose, Calcium Pantothenate, Thiamine Hydrochloride, Copper Gluconate, Manganese Sulfate, Riboflavin, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Vitamin D, Potassium lodide, Chromium Chloride, Biotin, Folic Acid, Sodium Molybdate, Phytonadione, Soidum Selenite, Vitamin B12

Can anyone take a stab at tabulating some explanations of what these ingredients do? (other examples: 1, 2)

This section of the Soylent FAQ contains some discussion of some of the ingredients.

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CHO = carbohydrate
GI = glycemic index

soy protein isolate/protein/soy
high oleic algal oil/fat/algae
isomaltulose/low GI CHO/natural sources of honey and sugar cane but manufactured from sucrose
canola oil/fat/rapeseed plant
rice starch/high GI CHO/rice
oat fiber/fiber/oat
isomaltooligosaccharide/fiber, prebiotic, & low GI CHO/manufactured from various starches
soy lecithin/emulsifier - keeps oils in suspension/soy phospholipids